They are trains that can travel at speeds never imagined. The fastest are in Japan and China, but the truth is that in Spain we are not short. Our high-speed trains are highly regarded around the world . And in fact, for transport from Barcelona to Madrid (and vice versa), one of the most powerful models that exist is used.
Today we get on board the ten fastest, most efficient and powerful trains in the world. One of the French models is considered one of the most efficient in the world. Another, the Japanese, is nicknamed the flying train because it can levitate up to 10 centimeters .
1. ICE, Germany
InterCityExpress , but is commonly known by its acronym, as ICE. It is part of the high-speed train network in Germany and circulates both in this country and in six neighbors. It can reach speeds of up to 300 kilometers for now and stops at about 180 stations.
It is a good formula to quickly travel through the most important cities of Germany , such as Berlin, Hamburg and Cologne. If you want to travel abroad, you can also get with ICE to Austria (Vienna, Innsbruck), Belgium (Brussels, Liège), Denmark (Copenhagen, Aarhus), France (Paris), the Netherlands (Arnhem, Utrecht, Amsterdam) and Switzerland (Zurich, Interlaken).
2. JR-Maglev MLX01, Japan
To find the next fastest train in the world, we have to go to Japan. It's the JR-Maglev MLX01. Just a few years ago, it smashed its own record of 590 km / hour, reaching 603 km / hour . This gave it the title of the fastest train in the world, because it can travel up to 170 meters per second.
When traveling at lower speeds, the train runs on wheels. But if accelerated, the Magleve can levitate up to four inches high, off the ground. They indicate that it is a good way to avoid the earthquakes that are so common in countries like Japan. The flying train, this is how it is commonly known, works through magnetic energy, thanks to two large magnets.
3. AGV Italo
Another state-of-the-art train is the AGV Italo, acquired by the Italian private operator NTV. It has been operating in this country for more than three years. And it does so at a speed of 360 km / hour . Its interior design is reminiscent of F1 sports cars and single-seaters. Hence, in fact, the red color for exterior has been chosen.
Inside, we also find seats upholstered in Frau leather and all the interiors have Giugiaro's design. Luxury and speed have become one.
4. Shanghai Maglev, China
The Shanghai Maglev was the first commercial high-speed line to operate on magnetic levitation. The first service was in 2004, through a line layout located about 8 meters above the level of the other urban constructions.
The line consists of a total distance of 30 kilometers, from Longyang Road Subway Station to Pudong International Airport. With an average speed of 240 km / h and a maximum of 431 km / h, the train is capable of covering the entire line in just 7 and a half minutes.
5. Siemens Velaro E from Renfe 103 Series
It is one of the most powerful trains that exist, within which the manufacturer Siemens has. And we have it working in Spain. It is, in fact, the train capable of traveling the 600 km that exist between Madrid and Barcelona through the Northeast High Speed Corridor. You can do it in 2 and a half hours . And is that the power of this Velaro train model is 8,800 kW. It can reach a maximum speed of 350 km / h.
6. China Railways CRH380A
Let's travel back to China to take a look at this other high-speed train. It is the China Railways CRH380A, a high-speed electric train developed by CSR and prepared to operate at an average speed of 350 km / hour, the maximum being 380 km / h. Always for business services. The first train that worked consisted of 8 wagons and it came to work at a speed of 416.6 km / h , even during tests.
The Wenzhou train collision in 2011 caused the speed of these trains to be reduced to 300 km / hour for a time. Last year it was increased again to 350 km / hour.
7. AGV, France
It was the successor of the famous TGV and the truth is that with its speeds, it revealed the rest of the trains that until now had seemed fast. At least in Spain. It is capable of reaching an average operating speed of 360 km / hour, but the truth is that in 2007 it reached 574.8 km / hour, which is said soon .
They consider it the most modern and efficient train in Europe. Especially since, in addition to being light and fast, they consume 16% less energy. As if this were not enough, it has a much cheaper maintenance than its predecessor, the TGV, so the French AGV ends up being the most advantageous train in Europe.
8. Alstom Euroduplex
And now let's go back to France again, which is the country where this train, called Alstom Euroduplex, operates. It is actually a new TGV model that can operate at speeds of up to 320 km / hour. It has, yes, an important peculiarity. And it is the only high-speed train in the world that has two floors.
Although for the moment it will be able to operate on the high-speed networks of France, Germany, Switzerland and Luxembourg, it is believed that in the future they will also reach Spain. The first operational line was the LGV Rhine-Rhône line , with a train that can carry up to 1,020 passengers.
9. Tohoku Hayabusa Shin-Aomori Shinkansen E5
This is what we would call the bullet train. And it works in Japan. The Shinkansen E5 is one of the fastest and most modern in the world, but it only runs in Japan. It was launched in March 2011 on the Tohoku Shinkansen line, between Tokyo and Aomori, although it now also runs on others.
It can reach a speed of 320 km / hour . The train also has different technologies to reduce rolling noise with sound-absorbing materials, as well as an active suspension system that increases passenger comfort.
It's called Hyperloop and it's not ready to carry travelers yet. In fact, this is the trade name that the aerospace transportation company SpaceX has registered. It is a transport system of the future, which works by means of high speed vacuum tubes. An Elon Musk technology that works through tubes that reduce the pressure of the pressurized capsules. These work on an air bag driven by induction motors and air compressors.
It is believed that passengers could travel 560 km at an average speed of about 970 km / hour , being able to reach a maximum speed of 1,200 km / hour. It would be a pilot route from Los Angeles to the San Francisco Bay. The project would be very expensive, so for now, Elon Musk's Hyperlook will have to remain on paper.