It happens, with some frequency, that you decide to buy a laptop or tower without having an operating system installed, either because it is cheaper or because you want to avoid applications that pre-install brands. What should you do then? It is clear: you must install it yourself, downloading the tool that Microsoft offers you for such purposes, through a USB or a DVD with ISO image. When downloading the appropriate version of Windows for your computer at that time (right now the operating system we use at Microsoft is Windows 10) we must take into account the 'architecture' of our computer. Does the CPU of our computer have an architecture based on 32 bits or 64 bits? Before telling you what this is and what differences we find, let's get to the practical:this is how we are going to know if I have a PC with 32 or 64 bit architecture.
Identify the architecture of your PC
To identify the architecture of our PC we are going to carry out the following steps .
- We are going to look at the search box that we have located in the lower left part of the screen. In it we are going to write, without quotes, ' About your PC '.
- In the search result we click on the first of them, as we can see in the screenshot that we have linked to previously. A configuration page will open with all the useful information that our team can host. We only have to locate 'System type' to find out if our equipment is 32 or 64 bits. In my case, I have a computer with 64-bit architecture, so if I want to install an operating system on my laptop, I will have to download the 64-bit version . This is very important since if you install another version of the operating system you will not be able to make your computer work.
If you have a PC with versions prior to Windows 10, this procedure varies. In this case, all you have to do is locate the ' My PC ' section (you probably have it on your desktop as a direct access) and right-click on it, entering the 'Properties' section. An information window will appear very similar to the one we have shown you previously. In the 'System type' section you will see what architecture your computer has.
Differences between a laptop with a 32-bit architecture and a 64-bit one
This number corresponds to a characteristic of the CPU. The CPU of a computer is the 'Central Processing Unit', the most important organ of our machine. She is the one in charge of processing the information of all the tasks that we ask our computer. Also known as a 'microprocessor', the CPU is the brain of our machine. Without the CPU, the computer is nothing. That being said, we do have 32-bit CPU and 64-bit CPU. The number refers to the way that microprocessors store computer data . What 32-bit systems do is store the data in 32-bit pieces. However, 64-bit systems do it in pieces of, effectively, 64-bit. This means that we can do more tasks in less time.
At present, practically all the computers that we have in stores have a microprocessor built in 64 bits. The problem comes from computers that are still part of government institutions, which are usually quite old, maintaining 32-bit CPUs. For this reason, software manufacturers still have to work to support their programs on 32-bit computers . For example, we can download Google Chrome in 32 bits or 64 bits.